The wooden trapiche that is exhibited in the exhibition Identity signs It is one of the few specimens that are conserved in the country. His 90 parts or pieces show how the gears of this mill took out, through a circular movement, the guarapo (juice or juice from the cane) to make the sugar in the colony. The trapiches until the end of the eighteenth century worked by animal or human traction, which made this machinery one of the symbols of the cruelties of the slave plantation.
Used to extract the guarapo, juice, mascabada (sugar of poor) or the raspadura, the trapiche or mill that is exhibited in the Leon Center is later to the colony and of animal extraction (oxen or horses), being for the rest a domestic economy I needed 5 to 10 slaves to move.
At its center, there are three large vertical wooden cylinders that rotate to the beat of the animals, these pillars are called clubs, processing a cane task a day and needing two to three large pans of iron or beaten copper to be filled, then passing them to be dried in the sun, turning into crystal or granulated sugar into blocks.
Due to lack of knowledge, their data and production information were not recorded by historical economists, on the basis that these were insignificant forms of production. However, still in the twentieth century the sugar mill was still grinding cane and being directed to a different public or a market of scarce resources, it did not compete with the sugar mill and survived, threatened only when the price of sugar fell to very low levels in the international market.
Dr. Frank Moya Pons in his article published in the defunct magazine Rumbo of June of 1995, describes with amazement the existence of more than 11 small mills and sugar mills in the area of Constanza for 1931, according to cited reference. On the Internet it is possible to find a varied and rich literature of diverse information and of different and extended countries, about the trapiche and its use in today's societies, which shows the importance of this productive technology capable of overcoming the time, new technologies and the adversities, to continue offering us its succulent sweetness.
In our country, the sugarcane area registers more than 230 bateyes, which was for a long time a residential enclave of cane pickers of Haitian origin; Today these towns are inhabited by Dominicans, Dominicans of Haitian descent, Haitians and cocolos descendants, especially in the east, losing their former cane referent as a result of the fall of the sugar industry. In times of Lent and especially in Holy Week, is the scene of groups of ga-gá that move from one batey to another, giving rhythm, color, joy, musicality and sacredness to its inhabitants and concurrent.
- Fraginals Moreno, Manuel. The wit. Cuban economic-social sugar complex. 3 tomes. Editorial Social Sciences. Havana. 1978
- Esteban Deive, Carlos. The Black Slavery in Santo Domingo. 2 tomes. Museum of the Dominican Man. 1980
- Sarmiento Ramírez, Ismael. Cuba between opulence and poverty. Aldaba editions. 2004