Anacaona and the Taino World


Boys and girls from first to sixth grade of primary school

Quinta Dominica, in its interest to contribute to the national culture and education and next to the León Center, the Altos de Chavón Cultural Center Foundation and the Perelló Center, invites Dominican children and residents in the Dominican Republic to participate in the ANACAONA contest AND THE WORLD TAÍNO. 

This contest, which has the support of Editorial Santillana, Museum of Dominican Man, Leon Center, Altos de Chavón Cultural Center Foundation and Perelló Museum, has the purpose that children express through an artistic or literary work their vision on the life of Anacaona , the Taino world and its encounter with the Spaniards. 



1 All Dominican boys and girls who reside in the Dominican Republic from the first to sixth grade of primary school will be able to participate. All the works must be done individually, without external help and presented in Spanish.

2 The objective of this contest is that children, within their classrooms, interpret the figure of Anacaona, their Taíno world and the encounter with the Spaniards, in a free, wide and varied way, with the resources of imagination and knowledge and Plasmen in: literary works, musicals, drawings, models, sculptures, geometric figures or any initiative of their age.

3 The participants must sign and date the work. Also, on the back or bottom, they should write their full name, age, home address and phone number, email (if they have one); indicate the name and address of the school and place of birth. These data can be completed following the annexed format of the general data, for greater ease.

4 The children will put a title to their work and include a brief description or introduction of the idea and concept that they intend to communicate through it.

5 The works should be sent to Quinta Dominica, Padre Billini Street No. 202, Colonial City, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic or Centro León, Av. 27 de Febrero No. 146, Villa Progreso, Santiago, Dominican Republic until April 29 of 2018. 

6 A jury made up of specialists in children's expression will select the best works by category.

7 The winners will be announced no later than the 15 of May of the 2018. 

8 The prizes will consist of educational and bibliographic materials. 

9 All the participants will receive a diploma and all the works will be exposed in the rooms of Quinta Dominica.

10 It is very important to inform that copied, traced or where the hand of an adult is noticed, will not be able to participate in the contest. Neither those works that are unfinished or that do not have the information requested.



Guidelines and recommendations that serve as a starting point for teachers to guide and guide children's work. 

  • Who was Anacaona and what does his name mean? 
  • Who was his brother? Who was your husband? What was his daughter's name? 
  • What does the Taíno word mean? 
  • What names the Taínos had to the island? 
  • What does Quisqueya mean? 
  • In how many cacicazgos was the island divided and in which did Anacaona rule? 
  • Where is Jaragua today? 
  • What did the Taínos live? 
  • What were the Taino gods? What is a ceremonial stone?
  • What did the Taínos eat? 
  • How were your boats? 
  • What does the word areito mean? 
  • What did the Taínos play? 
  • Who cared for the crops? 
  • What were their homes called? 
  • Where did the cacique live? 
  • Do you know what a cemi is? 
  • Who was the Behique? 
  • How did the Taínos go to the other islands of the Caribbean? 
  • Do you know the manatee, parrot, aon, juron, hutia, wild pig?
  • How would Anacaona be as a child? 




Anacaona, which means flower of gold, was a Taíno queen of the Caraguazgo de Jaragua located in the southwest of the island called Babeque, Haiti and Quisqueya. His brother Bohechío was the ruler during the arrival of the Spaniards. Taíno means good, noble person. 

As a child, we imagine that she lived, like all Taíno children, playing among the rivers, mountains and valleys and taking care of the harvest. Sure he learned to spin cotton, make casabe, sail in canoes. They count the books that I knew how to compose areitos, a kind of poem with music that the taínos sang and danced during the important occasions. 

Like all the Taínos he used the spear and learned the art of the bow and arrow; She wore a cotton petticoat and, because she was a princess, she always adorned herself with flowers and conchshells. It is said that she walked accompanied by a parrot and was followed by an aon, the dog of this island that did not bark. Anacaona little by little became a restless young woman and very eager to learn. 

As an adult, she married Caonabo, the cacique of Maguana, the bravest of all the rulers. They had a daughter named Higuemota. Higuemota will be the mother of Mencía, the wife of the cacique Guarocuya known as Enriquillo, who in turn is the nephew of Anacaona.

Anacaona believed in the Taíno gods, called cemíes, especially in Atabeira, goddess of the waters. It is still preserved in San Juan de la Maguana, the ceremonial stone where the queen invoked the gods, enjoyed ball games and areitos. That place is called the Corral de los Indios. When the Spaniards who remained on the island during the First Voyage of Columbus, abused the Taino women, Anacaona asked her husband Caonabo to expel them and that is how they destroyed the Fort of Christmas along with its inhabitants. 

Despite the abuses, Anacaona sought peace with the Spaniards, believing they could all live in harmony and exchange knowledge. 

Upon the death of his brother Bohechío, Anacaona became the queen of Jaragua and decided, in the face of constant insults, to rebel. 

When Nicolás de Ovando arrived as governor of the island, he offered him a peace agreement. Anacaona in response invited him to Jaragua, composed and danced a little song in his caney and there sadly was betrayed. 

By order of Ovando, the Spanish soldiers, with their arms and horses, surrounded the Indians and burned the batey with the people inside. Anacaona was taken prisoner and some say she was hanged and others that she was burned. This tragic event is known as the Maragua de Jaragua. 

There remains his memory as a beautiful woman, intelligent, heroine, defender of his people, and a friend to learn and share. 











CENTRO LEÓN / 809.582.2315 ext. 1039, 1055 AND 1069








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